In general, the number of key signs and the actual signs themselves (sharps with flattenes) must be simply remembered and simply known. Sooner or later they are remembered automatically - whether you like it or not. And at the initial stage, you can use a variety of cribs. One of these cribs on solfeggio is a thermometer of tonalities.
The practice of music has long been established and a system of letter designations is widely used, both for individual sounds and tonalities. The basis is the letters of the Latin alphabet, as well as some words from the same language. For the name of tonality, as you know, two elements are used: the name of the tonic and the name of the fret.
It happens that a melody comes to mind and you can't beat it out with a stake. You want to play and play, or even better write it down so as not to forget. Or, at the next rehearsal of the group, you are learning a new song from a friend, frantically picking up chords by ear. In both cases, you come across the fact that you need to understand in what key to play, sing or record.
You already know that music is most often recorded in a major and minor mode. Both of these frets have three varieties each — the natural, harmonic and melodic range. There is nothing terrible behind these names: the basis for all is the same, only certain levels change in the harmonic and melodic major or minor (VI and VII).
The main triad of frets is those triads that identify a given mode, its appearance and its sound. What does it mean? We have two main frets - major and minor. So, it is precisely because of the major sound of a triad that we understand that we are dealing with a major and by minor sound of a triad we define by ear a minor.
To know how to determine the tonality of a work, it is required, first of all, to understand the concept of "tonality". You are already familiar with this term, so just to remind you, without delving into the theory. Tonality - in general, is the pitch of the sound, in this case, the pitch of the sound of a fret - for example, major or minor.
Musical harmony is another concept from musical theory with which we will become acquainted. Lad in music is a system of relations of stable and unstable sounds and consonances that works for a certain sound effect. There is a lot of frets in music, now we will consider only the two most common (in European music) - major and minor.
Find out today what tonality is. I tell impatient readers right away: tonality is the consolidation of the position of the musical harmony behind the musical tones defined by the pitch of the sound, tied to a specific section of the musical scale. Then do not be too lazy to understand thoroughly. The word "tonality" you probably already heard, right?
The quint circle of tonalities, or, as it is also called, the quart-quint circle - in music theory is a schematic representation of successive tonalities. The principle of arranging all the tonalities in a circle is based on their uniform distance from each other over intervals of pure fifth, net quarte and minor third.
What is tonic in music? The answer is quite simple: a tonic is the first step of a major or minor mode, its most stable sound, which, like a magnet, attracts all other steps to itself. I must say that "all other steps" also behave quite interesting. As you know, in the major and minor scale there are only 7 steps, which in the name of general harmony must somehow “get along” with each other.
Once in one of the articles on musical harmony, it has already been said that the frets in music - well, just the sea. There are really many of them, and the most common ways of classical European music are major and minor, which also have more than one variety. Something from the history of ancient frets But before the appearance of major and minor itself and their final consolidation with the assertion of a homophonic-harmonic warehouse in secular music, in professional European music completely different frets existed - they are now called ancient church frets (they are sometimes called natural frets ).
In musical practice uses a large number of diverse musical modes. Of these, two frets are the most common and practically universal: this is a major and a minor. So, both major and minor are of three types: natural, harmonic and melodic. Just do not be afraid of it, everything is simple: the only difference is in the details (1-2 sounds), the rest is the same.